According to the statistics of customs, China's import volume of cotton yarn increased significantly in 2015, with a total import of cotton yarn amounting to 1.825 million tons from January to September, up 24.4% year on year. The import of cotton cloth fell sharply. In the january-august period, China imported 394 million meters of cotton cloth, a year-on-year decrease of 10.87 percent.
Since 2014, China's tightening issuance of import quota and regulate strictly regulate cotton (since 2013, the unified plan of the national customs and processing trade of cotton smuggling, irregularities, smuggling cotton seized a large number of criminal cases), effectively curb imported cotton, imported cotton grade and quality is improving, the role of cotton regulation effect soon, but also for cotton yarn, grey cloth, open the downstream products such as import "gate", the cotton imports, imported cotton yarn as "the weeds in the field". If not for effective control, next cotton imports this year is expected to exceed 2.5 million tons and 2.8 million tons, such as India, Vietnam, Pakistan, Indonesia origin cotton yarn into the "threshold" in China will become reckless. The author calls on relevant departments to study and introduce measures to restrict the import of outer yarn as soon as possible to reduce the impact on the cotton textile industry. The reasons are as follows:
First, "the skin does not exist, the gross may be a blessing". A large number of small and medium-sized cotton textile enterprises in China have stopped production and closed down. How to protect the interests of cotton farmers and cotton growers? Outside yarn, according to data released from the customs of our country imported varieties on OE10S C32S, JC21, JC32S three varieties, combed yarn, combed yarn's C40S or more proportion less than 5%, on the one hand, India, Vietnam, Pakistan and other cotton spinning of high count cost more than the domestic large and medium-sized FangQi, JC60, Indian JC80S yarn has domestic price is higher than China's domestic; On the other hand, there is still a certain gap between high count yarn, high match yarn and combed yarn in southeast Asia and domestic enterprises in the technology and stability of cotton blending, spinning and products. China's cotton consumption continued to fall sharply in 2013-2015, with demand in 2015/16 likely to be below 6.5 million tons.
Second, as GDP growth falls, China's labor force employment pressure increases. Count cotton yarn spinning C40S and below is the key battleground of XiaoFang in domestic enterprise account for around 70% of the total Chinese FangQi (), with more than 20, ten thousand tons of cotton yarn each month the impact of the import, the dependence of foreign yarn weaving factory, dyeing and garment enterprise rising, some small and medium-sized import cotton mills and even turn to operation, continue to the downstream customers to pick up the raw material, to give up production to do trade. C40S and below the cotton market lost means 3127 and below grade, the quality of cotton is more and more market and consumer channels, and industrial upgrading and structural adjustment without exception, compact spinning, new fiber high count yarn direction development, "homogeneity" seriously hindered the orders and profits. According to the survey, since 2014, the number of small and medium-sized cotton textile mills and garment factories in shandong, henan, jiangsu, zhejiang, guangdong and other places in China has increased significantly, and the difficulty of "employment" has been fully revealed.
Third, cotton quota control policy "all the previous achievements have been wasted". In addition to the WTO commitment of 894000 tons of cotton import quotas, in 2016 the Chinese government issuing sliding duties, processing trade of cotton import quotas hopes faded, on the one hand, there are still 11 million tons of cotton is the warehouse storage ready to outbound supply gap, "that there was grain in the home, don't panic in the heart"; On the other hand, the targeted price subsidy policy for cotton has been implemented since 2014, playing a positive role in stabilizing farmers' income and stabilizing cotton planting area. Can direct subsidies and quota "is a" two policy using more successful, but the foreign yarn unlimited increase our country cotton subsidies amount and pressure for years, "USES armor" and strength has been significantly weakened, hydrophobic, plugging combination is the fundamental way to solve the problem of the whole industry chain.
4. Plug the gap of tax evasion in cotton yarn import, and eliminate "hidden box" operation. According to the survey, the current outside port yarn clinch a deal on a 50% "without a ticket" deals, especially in places such as guangdong, jiangsu and zhejiang, and shandong are common between traders, weaving mill, the seller usually 600-800 yuan/ton, buyers use commercial invoice instead of VAT invoice to reduce taxes. Here, I hope the government can pass the part to raise tariffs or import quotas set cotton yarn to circumvent revenue losses, at the same time weakens the yarn in "limbo" the impact of China's cotton textile industry, to small and medium-sized cotton mills, weaving mill steady employment, production and adjustment, the better the chance.